Introdution of DBT
Actually there were two different Buddhas that played the part to establish Buddhism and its principles of ahimsa and nonviolence and its monist philosophy.
When Lord Buddha appeared, the people of India, although following the Vedas, had deviated from the primary goal of Vedic philosophy. They had become preoccupied with performing ceremonies and rituals for material enjoyment. Some of the rituals included animal sacrifices. The people had begun to sacrifice animals indiscriminately on the plea of Vedic rituals and then indulged in eating the flesh. Being misled by unworthy priests, much unnecessary animal killing was going on and the people were becoming more degraded.
Gautama, the enlightened appeared to propose monism and atheism. However, because of Buddha’s lack of interest in discussing any metaphysical topics, many interpretations of his philosophy were not only possible but were formed, especially after his disappearance. The two main divisions of Buddhism that developed were the Hinayana, or lesser vehicle, and Mahayana, or greater vehicle.
This article will further discus scriptural mentions of both Buddhas and their comparative study addition to the illusionary presentation of dual Budha theory and merging of two in one.
Comparative Study of Lord Buddha and Gautama Sakhyamuni and their philosophies
Lord Buddha (Incarnation of supreme)
Saint Gautama Buddha
|Time of Appearance||He lived approximately 3500 years ago, or by accurate astronomical and astrological calculation around 4000 years ago. His birth must have been near 1887 B.C., and His disappearance in 1807 B.C||25,000 years ago (563 BCE/480 BCE – 483 BCE/400 BCE)|
|Birthplace||The Avatara Buddha was born in what became known as Bodhgaya. Because Bodhgaya was birthplace of Lord Budha, Gautama visited Bodhgaya to have enlightment.||Gautama was born in Lumbini, now in Nepal. The Buddhist tradition regards Lumbini to be the birthplace of Gautama. He grew up in Kapilavastu.|
|Name of Parents||Mother’s name was Anjana.||Mother’s name was Mayadevi. In Buddhist tradition Maya died soon after the birth of Buddha, generally said to be seven days afterwards.
Father’s name was Sidhodhana. Suddhodana’s father was Sihahanu while his mother was Kaccanā.
Lord Krishna appears in each universe. When His activities are finished in one universe, He begins His pastimes in another. Thus, His eternal pastimes go on like this in the universes as long as the material manifestation continues. Furthermore, His eternally liberated devotees also follow Him from one universe to another to accompany Him in His blissful pastimes. It is also said in Buddhist texts that Lord Buddha appears in every universe at different time periods.
There are 22 main lila-avataras of the Supreme Being who appear throughout the ages. They all have specific forms or bodily features, and particular purposes for appearing. These are listed in the various Vedic texts, especially the Puranas, and their many pastimes are explained in detail therein..
3. Origin of every religion
The supreme God is origin of all religions as he sends his prophets to interact with material beings or Himself incarnates to love His children.
|1. Enlightened Being
Gautama was an enlightened being not God according to present Buddhist texts. Gautama made his way to a place near BodhGaya in India, where he found the Birthplace of Lord Budha. There he remained, emphasizing meditation. He was blessed by Lord Budha. It is said that, He meditated for about six years and thus was enlightened.
2. Qualitative God
Gautama was an ordinary jiva thus was not God. Everyone is a soul which is part of God. Soul and God are qualitatively same but quantitatively different. Thus, just like everyone else, Gautama was also qualitative God.
As Gautama was enlightened by Lord Budha, He was a Vaishnava. He represented Lord Budha and thus acted as his successor.
|Philosophy||1. Support to Vedas
As Lord Budha was an incarnation of the supreme, He never rejected the Vedic authority. He supported Vedas and worship of the supreme personality of Godhead, Shri Krishna.
2. Acceptance of theism, soul, reincarnation etc.
He never proposed monism, pantheism, impersonalism, atheism. He accepted the existence of soul and thus transmigration of soul. As present Buddhism is distorted version, It rejects the existence of soul but accepts reincarnation (!!!).
3. Discarding Violence
In Vedas, the animals are sacrificed to verify the purity of sacrificial tools and paraphernalia used for fire sacrifice. When the animal is killed, If everything is pure, the animal used to become alive again. In such sacrifices a horse or cow used to be sacrificed. In the time period of Lord Budha, Brahmins started killing animals not for verification purpose but to earn money by organizing sacrifices and in rare cases, consuming the meat of the animal.
Thus to reject such sacrifices and stop unnecessary violence Lord Budha appeared.
4. Destroying Pseudo-Varnashrama
Varnashrama is Vedic caste system in which society is organized into four sections based on the occupation and nature of their behavior. Such classification was not based on birth.
But in the time period of Budha, to rule over other elements of society, Brahmins started considering one to be from particular class on the basis of birth. Hence. Buddha appeared to destroy such Pseudo-Varnashrama and to establish real Varnashrama.
|1. Anti Vedic Agenda
Gautama discarded Vedas and preached against them. It was a filtration process for Hinduism. He took people who had atheistic tendencies away from Hinduism
2. Superficial acceptance of Sankhya-Yoga and Vaisheshikha hilosophy
Sankhya and Vaisheshikha philosophies are found in Darshana School of Hinduism and founded by Sage Kapila and Kanada respectively. They are not atheistic but support the acceptance of God and inductive way of analysis of God. The inductive way of analysis is accepted by monism but not God. Because Gautama (incompletely/ superficially) accepted Sankhya philosophy, He is also known as Sakhyamuni. (The founder of Sankhya philosophy is known as Sankhyamuni)
3. Word Jugglery
Buddhist philosophy which is a monist ideology remains incomplete thus based on abstract theories. The word Jugglery can be found in many theories like- the aim of meditation (glorification of peace and effort of experience of peace without accepting the highest authority), Idea of Reincarnation (Acceptance of reincarnation but not the truth of existence of soul).
4. Effort of Manipulation
After disappearance of Gautama Sakhyamuni, Buddhism was kicked out of India thus was carried to outer India. When it was introduced to foreigners, Buddhist monks accepted the regional traditions to keep their beliefs alive. Thus original Buddhist philosophy was manipulated and many forms of Buddhism were formed which can be differentiated on the basis of region and places where they are found. Among these types- Theravada, Mahayana, Vajrayana are major but badly edited and follow manmade ritualism and tantrism.
|Advantages of doctrine||1. Rejection of Karma Kanda
Budha rejected the section of Karma-Kanda from Vedas. It is formed of ritualism and furtive activities which are not the heart of Vedas but just a coverlet. They are dedicated to demigods for fulfillment of personal desires and include tamsic fire sacrifices and recitation of mantras to ask something in return. As they are not useful for eternal upliftment, Buddha rejected them for social good.
2. Establishment of Yuga-Dharma
The duty prescribed for every millaniam is different as capability of people becomes defective as time passes. The duty of previous millanium was, thus to reject it and give inspiration to society for proceeding further Budha appeared.
3. Confidential Reason
Buddha incarnated to make suitable arrangements for Bhakti Cult which was established later by Lord Chaitanya and His Associates. The duty of this millaniom is chanting the name of God and serving him thus to indirectly support this Dharma He rejected Karma-Kanda and furtive ritualism.
|1. Shelter to Atheism
People with atheistic tendencies were bewildered, confused and baffled. They had no shelter and no way for spiritual upliftment. Thus, to provide some knowledge so that they can also make some advancement, Gautama thought atheistic dogma.
2. Worship of Bhagavan
He also established the worship of Lord Buddha so that atheists and people with less intelligence can also acquire Mercy of The Lord.
3. Protection of Hinduism
If atheists would have stayed in Hinduism (Sanatana Dharma) they would have destroyed the core heart of Dharma and deluded other followers by their immature actions. Thus, establishment of Buddhism was filtration process for Hinduism.
4. The effort against suffering
The Buddha said, “All I teach is suffering and the end of suffering.” As Bhagvadgeeta mentiones, This world is house of Dukkha, thus the end of suffering is to serrendering to the supreme by serving him and chanting the holy names of God.
|Disadvantages of doctrine||No Disadvantage||1. Unanswered Questions
As Buddhism is based on monism, nihilism and atheism, it obviously cannot answer many questions. No details are provided of the energy situated within which travels to different body after our death. Peace is not any tool or a thing which can stay forever. It is state of mind and thus temporary. The Buddha remained silent when asked fourteen questions. He described them as a net and refused to be drawn into such a net of theories, speculations, and dogmas. (As His work was to spread atheism, He remained silent)
2. Limited spiritual upliftment
As there is no ideal theory and incomplete expression of truth, one who practices Buddhism may feel temporary peace but not the higher eternal taste experience by Vaishnavas.
3. Re-enter of Pseudo-Karmakanda and Pseudo Tantra
There’s no historical record of the Buddha teaching tantra. To lend these practices authenticity the Tibetan establishment calls them the Buddha’s ‘secret’ teachings (!!), carried out in a duplicate body in another realm of existence at the same time he was teaching here on Earth. Lord Budha appeared to erase Karmakanda and ritualistic tantra on this planet but after Gautama departed, due to absence of authenticity, they again entered into Budhism. Also tantra which is practiced is not original but borrowed and modified from Hinduism.
Analysis through the vision of ideal Vaishnavism
Before reading further, We should make some concepts clear.
- There are Two types of Budhism
- Established by Gautama (Monism)
- Established by Shankaracharya (Impersonalism)
Sri Krishna-Dvaipayana Vyasadeva, who compiled the major Vedic texts, has declared in his writings in the Puranas that the monistic, impersonal Mayavada philosophy is false and non-Vedic. The same would apply to what we presently know as Buddhism.
Padma Purana 25/7: mayavadam asacchastram pracchannam bauddham uchyate
“The theory of Mayavadism (Impersonalism) is a concocted scripture and is known as a disguised Buddhism.”
- Vaishnavas never worship the nihilist and atheist (sunyavada) Buddha or Gautama Buddha, They only worship Lord Vishnu’s ninth incarnation, Lord Budd
- Buddhist texts like Prajna-Paramita Sutra, Astasahastrika Prajna-Paramita Sutra, Sata-shastrika Prajna-Paramita Sutra, Lalita Vistara, etc. Proper scrutiny of these texts reveals the existence of three categories of Buddha, namely:
Qualitative Buddhas: like Gautama, who came to be known as Buddha after enlightenment.
Bodhisattva Buddhas: Personalities like Samanta Bhadraka who were born enlightened.
Adi (original) Buddha: the omnipresent Vishnu Avatara incarnation of Lord Buddha.
Lord Budha and Sakhyamuni Gautama are different
Lord Buddha also finds repeated mention in many authentic Vedic scriptures like the Vishnu Purana, Agni Purana, Vayu Purana, and Skanda Purana. The Buddha mentioned in the Devi Bhagavat, a more recent text, and in Shakti Pramoda, refers to Shakya Simha Buddha – not the Vishnu Avatara Buddha.
sa shakyasimhah sarvarthasiddhah shauddhodanishcha sah | gautamashcarkabandhushca mayadevisutashca sah ||
“Teacher of the Shakyas, lion of the Shakyas, accomplisher of all goals, son of Shuddhodana, of Gautama’s line, friend of scholars, son of Mayadevi.”
Lord Budha, the Avatara mentioned in Hindu texts
- In Dashavatara Stotram,
nindasi yajna vidherahaha shrutijatam,
sadaya hridaya darshita pashughatam,
keshava dhrita bhuddha sharira,
jaya jagadisha hare jaya jagadisha hare.
“O Lord of the universe, Keshava! You took the form of Lord Buddha Who is full of compassion and stopped the slaughter of animals which is strictly forbidden in the Vedas.”
- in the Srimad-Bhagavatam 1/3/24, Lord Buddha’s advent is described in the following manner:
tatah kalau sampravritte
“Then in the beginning of Kali-yuga, the Lord will appear as Buddha, son of Anjana, in the province of Gaya, just for the purpose of deluding those who are envious of the faithful theist.”
- Sri Sridhara Svami writes,
buddha avartaramaha tata iti anjanasya sutaha
ajina suta it pathe ajino’ pi sa eva kikateshu madhye gaya-pradeshe
“Buddha-avatara refers to Buddha who is the son of Anjana, and also in another reading, the son of Ajina. In the above verse, the name is written as Ajina or Anjana, and Kikata refers to Gaya Pradesha.”
- Nrisimha Purana 36/29:
kalau prapte yatha buddho bhavannarayana – prabhuh
“In Kali-yuga the Supreme Lord Narayana appears as Buddha.”
- The treatise Nirnaya-sindhu states in the second chapter,
jyaishtha shuka dvitiyayam buddha-janma bhavisyati
pausha shuklasya saptamyam kuryat buddhasya pujaanam
“Lord Buddha will appear on the second day of the waxing moon, in the month of Jyaishtha. Lord Buddha is especially worshipped in the seventh day of the waxing moon in the month of Pausha.”
- In Chapters 17-18 of the 3rd Section of Vishnu Purana
Buddha has been designated as Mayamoha’.
- In Srimad-Bhagavatam 10.40.22,
namo buddhaya shuddhaya daitya-danava-mohine
mleccha-praya-kshatra-hantre namas te kalki-rupine
“O Lord! I offer my obeisances unto Your form of Buddha, who, possessing a faultless nature, deluded the miscreants by composing anti-Vedic scriptures. I also offer obeisances unto Your Kalki form, the annihilator of the wicked kshatriyas who are no better than barbarians.”
- The Amarakosha-grantha states:
sarvajna api sugato buddho dharmarajastathagataha
samastabhadro bhagavan marajillokajijjinaha
sarvabhijno dashabalo ‘dvayavad‚ vinayakaha
munindraha srighanaha shasta muniha shakyamunistu yaha
“Budha is All-Knowing, Transcendental, Buddha, King of Righteousness, He Who Has Come, Beneficent, All-Encompassing, Lord, Conqueror of Maya, Victorious of Three Worlds, He Who Controls His Senses, Protector from the Six Enemies, Lord of the Sages, Embodiment of Splendor and Eminent Saint.”
- Jayadeva Gosvami’s “Gita Govinda”:
vedan uddharate jaganti vahate bhugolam udbibhrate
daityam darayate balim chalayate kshatra kshayam kurvate
paulastyam jayate halam kalayate karunyam atanvate
mlecchan murccayate dasaktikrite krishnaya tubhyam namaha
“O Krishna, He who accept ten incarnations! I offer my obeisances unto You for saving the Vedic scriptures as Matsya-incarnation; You help up the universe as Kurma-incarnation, and lifted up the world as Varaha, the Boar incarnation; as Nrishimha You vanquished Hiranyakashipu; as Vamana You deceived Bali Maharaja; as Parashurama You exterminated the corrupt warrior class; as Rama You slew Ravana; as Balarama You took up the plough; as Buddha You bestowed compassion, and as Kalki You kill the Mlecchas.”
Illusionary Exibition of ‘Singo-Budha’ or Violation of DBT
- Shripad Adi Sankaracharya developed his own sunya philosophy, which was very much like the Buddhist philosophy, replacing the Buddhist nirvana with his Vedic Brahman, to defeat Buddhism and drive it out of India. He succeeded most effectively. At that time many were leaving Vedic culture altogether and converting to Buddhism. But with this new Mayavadha philosophy from Sankaracharya, Buddhism bowed and the conversions stopped, and Buddhism itself started to decline.
- The reason why these two Buddhas became merged into one identity was partly because Adi Sankaracharya, in discussions with others, related them as one person and did not discriminate between the purpose of one or the other.
- Sri Sankaracharya’s connection to Buddha requires further elaboration and analysis. It becomes imperative to research this matter if Sankaracharya’s philosophy is referred to as another presentation of Buddhism.
- Sri Sankaracharya’s assessment of Buddha seems opaque, for he would have us believe that Shakya Simha Gautama Buddha [the human] and the Lord Buddha [the avatara] that the Vaishnavas worship, are one and the same personality. However, this is far from the truth.
- As Shankara was Lord Shiva himself, his consideration must not be any mistake but there should be some confidential reason which may have strengthen his impersonalist philosophy.
- While discussing Buddha’s philosophy, Sri Sankaracharya mentions his name in his Brahma Sutra commentary: sarvatha api anadarniya ayam sugata-samayah shreyaskamaih iti abhiprayaha. In this statement Sugata refers to Gautama. However, name for Vishnu Avatara Buddha is Sugata, and thus Sankaracharya falsely interpolated Gautama Shakhya Simha Buddha as if he was Vishnu Avatara Buddha.