Following verse is quoted in Bhakti-Rasamrita-Sindhu, Chapter 1,
silanam bhaktir uttama
It explains following points,
Bhakti is the action done only for the pleasure of Lord Krishna.
Bhakti is uninterupted flow of service.
Bhakti is done through all endevors- Body, mind and speech.
Bhakti is expressed through spiritual Bhavas.
Bhakti is not covered by Jgnana (Impersonalism) and Karma (Reward seeking action).
Bhakti is devoid of all desires other than giving happiness to Krishna.
This verse quoted from the Nārada Pañcarātra is found in the Bhakti-rasāmṛta-sindhu (1.1.12).
sarvopādhi-vinirmuktaṁ tat-paratvena nirmalam
hṛṣīkeṇa hṛṣīkeśa- sevanaṁ bhaktirucyate
“Bhakti, or devotional service, means engaging all our senses in the service of the Lord, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, the master of all the senses. When the spirit soul renders service unto the Supreme, there are two side effects. One is freed from all material designations, and one”s senses are purified simply by being employed in the service of the Lord.’
It is explained in Shrimad Bhagvatam-
Lakshnam-Bhakti-yogasya hi udahritam
Ahaitukya-avyavahika ya Bhaktih Purushottame
The definition of transcendental Bhakti-Yoga is, It is devotion for the Supreme Personality that arises without cause and cannot be obstructed
Kinds of Devotional Service
Kinds of Bhakti
Devotees who attained perfection
Chanting the holy names of discussing the glories of Lord.
Remembering the Lord.
Serving the Lotus Feet of God.
Carrying the order of the Lord.
Accepting the Lord as friend.
Characteristics of Pure Devotional Service
Characteristics of Pure Bhakti
It brings relief from all kinds of material distress
All great sins are forgiven thus one has to face no reactions.
Five greatest sins are-
Killing a Brahmin (Brahma Hatya)
Drinking liquor (Madira-pan)
Stealing gold (Swarna-steya)
Illicit sex (Veshya-gaman)
It is beginning of all auspiciousness.
He has good qualities.
He has all good fortune.
He is free from all the sins.
It even derides the concept of liberation.
Bhakti suppresses the happiness of liberation.
Real love can be achieved when there is no desire, even the desire of being liberated.
It is rarely achieved.
Because of two reasons.
His attachment with Krishna should be perfect.
Krishna doesn’t easily deliver perfection in Bhakti.
It puts one in the transcendental pleasure.
Happiness is of three types.
Happiness derived by material enjoyment.(inferior, animalistic)
Happiness derived by onness with Brahman. (temporary)
Happiness derived by Bhakti. (highest)
It is the only means to attract Krishna.
Krishna says, By all of the following one cannot attain Me if there is absence of Bhakti.
Mystic Yoga (Astanga yoga)
Analytical study of Brahman (Sankhyam)
Study of the Vedas (swadhyah)
Practice of Austerities (tpah)
Acceptance of Sanyasa (sanyasa)
Principles for Discharging the Devotional Service
Accepting a Spiritual Master
Accept ‘Bona fide’ spiritual master.
Accept initiation from him.
Serve and surrender unto him.
Receive instructions and knowledge of Dharma.
Make an inquiry.
Follow the direction given by spiritual master.
Learning to surrender and respect
Prepare to give up all kinds of enjoyment for the satisfaction of Krishna.
Be satisfied by whatever is sent by Krishna and hanker for no more.
Spent time in the place where Krishna is present. (Pilgrim or temple)
Observe fasting on Ekadashi.
Show respect for cows, vaisnavas, and sacred trees like the banyan.
Process of Being Surrendered
There are two types of surrendering
1. Atma Nivedanam
In Bhagvad-Gita, Chapter 18, text 66, Lord Krishna says, as soon as somebody surrenders unto Him, Krishna takes his charge and give him guarantee of perfection from all sinful reactions. He instructs so that devotee will make a quick advancement in his spiritual life. This self-surrender is called atma-nivedanam.
Atma-Nivedanam is surrendering ourself to the supreme personality of Godhead and putting ourself under his shelter. If one achieves this platform, he always remembers that his only concern is to serve Lord Krishna.
In Hari-Bhakti-Viveka, it is said, “My dear Lord, as a sold animal has no need to think about his maintenance or sustenance, so, because I have given up my soul to You, I am no longer concerned with my maintenance and sustenance.
Sharanagati is surrendering our soul, mind, body, words and actions to the supreme person.
When one serves everything, He forgets himself thus there is presence of complete love and perfect surrender.
To accept everything favorable to the Lord’s service.
To reject everything unfavorable to the Lord’s service.
To be firmly convinced that Krishna will give you protection.
To accept Krishna as the Supreme maintainer.
To depend on Lord and to feel inability to do anything without the help of Lord.
To be meek and humble.
Difference between Atma Nivedanam and Sharanagati
‘Atma Nivedanam’ and ‘Sharanagati’ are closely related but there is a subtle difference.
‘Atma Nivedanam’ means ‘I’ surrender to the Lord. But in ‘Sharanagati’, the feeling of ‘I’ is completely destroyed. A devotee thinks that “I am the property of Lord.” Not that “I’ am surrendering ‘myself’ to the Lord.”
Thus, there is more intimacy in Sharanagati than Atmanivedanam.
Most important items of Devotional Service
Associating among the devotees.
Chanting the holy name.
Hearing of Shrimad-Bhagvatam.
Worshiping the Deity.
Living in Mathura.
Stages of Devotional Service
Association with devotees.
Practice of worship and execution of regulative principles.
Cleansing of unwanted things from the heart
Firmly fixed in Devotional Service
Development of taste
Attachment to Krishna
Pure love of God
Classification of Bhakti
Aropa Siddha Bhakti
The devotee who practices Aropa Siddha Bhakti is called Aropita. He desires enjoyment, thus serves the Supreme Personality to fulfill his desires. It is also known as ‘Karma Mishrita Bhakti’ and ‘Saguna Bhakti.’ (Bhakti under the modes of material nature.) This type of Bhakti has no connection with pure Bhakti, it is incomplete and not yet matured. Nonthless, it is not Bhakti but seen as Bhakti as it includes servitude for Lord Krishna.
Sanga Siddha Bhakti
Sanga Siddha Bhakti is established when one associates other devotees. He is not actually a devotee but he follows all the regulative principles and qualities of devotee like tolerance, silence, non violence, simplicity etc. He has not yet developed constant love for Lord but He is favorable for future advancement and can achieve the platform of pure devotee.
Svarupa Siddha Bhakti
The one who has reached perfect mood of servitude and developed spontenious love for Lord Krishna, He is situated in the platform of Uttama Bhakti thus produces Savarupa Siddha Bhakti within the core of his heart.
One who is still practicing vaishnava principles and trying to elevate himself is known to be in this platform of Bhakti.
This is the way of sadhana-bhakti, the execution of devotional service according to the regulative principles. Gradually emotions intensify, and finally there is an awakening of love. This is the gradual development of love of Godhead for the devotee interested in Krishna consciousness. -Caitanya Caritamrita Madhya 23.15
Vaiddhi Bhakti and Raganuga Bhakti
Raganuga bhakti can be done only when one is pure. But if one is not yet pure he should purify himself by following rules and regulations. Vaidhi bhakti means when one has do devotional service with some force but when one reaches Raganuga state one cannot survive without service. And serves to the Lord spontaneously.
“The paths of vaidhi and raganuga are known to be separate from each other. Engagement in these two forms of sadhana certainly awakens two distinct varieties of bhava.” (Bhakti Rasamrita Sindhu 1.3.7)
By performing such regulated devotional service in awe and veneration(Vaidhi bhakti), one may go to Vaikuṇṭha and attain the four kinds of liberation.(Chaitanya Caritamrita 3.17)
One can achieve attention of Lord Krishna but not the spontaneous love or Madhurya Rasa by Vaiddhi Bhakti as it is said- “If consciousness which is infused with the mood of the gopis’ love for Sri Krsna is available anywhere, then buy it at once, without delay. The only price to get it is laulyam, an intense longing to obtain vraja-bhava. Without this divine greed, such love cannot be obtained even by performing pious activities (vaidhi-bhakti) for millions of births.
Bhava Siddha Bhakti
One who has succeeded in producing transcendental mellow or Bhava for Lord Krishna but still struggling to avoid Klesha (Distress) and Vighna (Impediments).
Prema Siddha Bhakti
“Bhava-bhakti is the first seed of love of Godhead. This emotional stage is there before one attains pure love. When that emotional stage intensifies, it is called prema-bhakti, or transcendental love of Godhead.” -CC Madhya 23.13
Symptoms of Bhakti
“‘When bhakti is executed on the transcendental platform of pure goodness (suddha-sattva), it is like a sun-ray of love for Krishna. At such a time, bhakti causes the heart to be softened by various tastes, and one is then situated in bhava (ecstatic emotion).” Bhakti-rasamrita-sindhu (1.3.1)
Rolling on the ground
Making loud noises
Not caring for public opinion
he is anxious to utilize his time in Krishna’s service and does not like to be idle
He is always reserved and per¬severant. H
e is always detached from all material attrac¬tion.
He does not long for any material respect in return for his service.
He is certain of Lord Krishna’s mercy.
He is always very eager to serve the Lord faithfully.
He is very attached to the chanting of the holy names of the Lord.
He is always eager to describe the transcendental qualities of the Lord.
He is very pleased to live in a place where the Lord’s pastimes are performed, such as Mathura, Vrndavana or Dwaraka
Transcendental Mellows or Rasas
Meaning of Rasa
The particular loving mood or attitude relished in the exchange of love with the Supreme Personality of Godhead is called rasa, or mellow. The different types of rasa, when combined together, help one to taste the mellow of devotional service in the highest degree of transcendental ecstasy. Such a position, although entirely transcendental to our experience, will be explained in this section as far as possible, following in the footsteps of Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī. Without relishing some sort of mellow, or loving mood, in one’s activities, no one can continue to perform such activities. Similarly, in the transcendental life of Kṛṣṇa consciousness and devotional service there must be some mellow, or specific taste, from the service. Generally this mellow is experienced by chanting, hearing, worshiping in the temple and being engaged in the service of the Lord. So when a person feels transcendental bliss; that is called “relishing the mellow.” To be more clear, we may understand that the various feelings of happiness derived from discharging devotional service may be termed the “mellows” of devotional service.
Types of Rasas
There are five primary Rasas
Each succeeding Rasa includes the previous Rasas. Example- Sakhya Rasa includes Dasya and Shanta. Similarly, Madhurya Rasa includes all other four Rasas.
Dasya and Madhurya Rasa
In Vaikuntha, the supreme personality of Godhead Narayana is worshiped with awe and reverence. The devotee is conscious of the opulence of the supreme Lord thus there is an obvious mood of servitude.
The devotees of Rama, although sometimes they also worship in the mood of friends (Sakhya) or parents (vatsalya), predominating mood in which Rama is worshiped is Dasya.
Krishna is Avatari (origin of all incarnations) and Rasaraj (enjoyer of all the Rasas). Devotees being acknowledged of this serve the Supreme Lord, but the highest and purent devotees of Lord Krishna are spontaneously attracted to him and don’t serve him as the Supreme Personality of Godhead but as a friend, parent or a lover to give Him pleasure.
In Vrindavana the prevalent mood is Madhurya, sweatness. The residents of Vrindavan are conscious of Krishna as God but they love him spontaneously, devoid of feeling of awe and reverence.
A mood of a devotee takes many forms and may serve in many Rasas. A devotee may serve as a friend and also as a servant at different situation. Such change of mood is compared to the straw in the boiling milk. When milk starts boiling, it floats on the milk and when milk gets cold it again drawns.
Such spontaneous love in Madhurya Rasa can be developed only by the special mercy of Krishna by the pure devotee.
In simple words, Aishvarya/Dasya is the mood in which devotee serves the supreme with great awe and respect thinking himself very insignificant and worships by following all rules and regulations. In Madhurya Rasa, a devotee produces complete love which is beyond limitations and completely pure.
Devotees in the mood of Dasya and Madhurya
The four Kumaras
Vasudeva and Devaki
Nanda and Yashoda
Potency of Bhakti
The process of devotional service is sufficient to purify us. For purification purpose and for higher spiritual upliftment, no other process is required.
By performing devotional service everyone is satisfied. Bhakti has extraordinary spiritual potency because Bhakti is nondifferent from Krishna Himself.
Bhakti, devotional service to Lord Krishna, is the most powerful, pure, and exalted of all activities; it is the dynamic, variegated activity of the soul.
“Glorious is that devotee who does not give up the shelter of his Lord, and glorious is that Lord who does not abandon His servant. If by chance a servant falls down and goes somewhere else, glorious is that master who captures him and brings him back by the hair.” ( Chaitanya-charitamrita, Antya-lila 3.4.27–47)
Kṛṣṇa consciousness begins on the platform of pure goodness. When the living entity is situated in viśuddha-sattva, transcendental to the three material modes of nature, he can perceive the form, quality and other features of the Supreme Personality of Godhead through his service attitude. The status of pure goodness is the platform of understanding, for the Supreme Lord is always in spiritual existence. Thus Bhakti is the highest for of Yoga.
Bhakti is the only one reason because of which the supreme person leaves His transcendental abode to meet His devotees. Lord has sent the rope of bhakti to pull all the conditioned soul suffering in dark well of illusion, we should hold firmly.
“Thus learning the science of devotional service and practically engaging in the devotional service of the Lord, the devotee comes to the stage of love of Godhead. And by complete devotion to the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Narayana, the devotee easily crosses over the illusory energy, Maya, which is extremely difficult to cross. ” [Srlmad-Bhagavatam 11.3.33]
Eligibility of the Candidate
Lord says, “Somehow or other, If one is attracted to talks about Me and has faith in the instructions I have set forth in Bhagavad-Geeta, and if one is actually detached from material things and material existence, his dormant love for me (Bhakti) will be awakened.” It is also said,“Unless one is favored by a pure devotee, he cannot attain the platform of devotional service.”
Classes of Candidates
The conditioned souls undergo tremendous discomfort and unpleasant situations. Distress is of three types-
Miseries caused by other living beings
Miseries caused by higher natural powers
Miseries caused by our own bodies and minds
Greed, lust etc.
‘Mumukshtava’ (inquisitiveness) makes human different from other species of less intelligent class. It leads one to ‘Nitya-Anitya-Vastu-Viveka’. (understanding of difference between temporary world and eternal God)
The desirer of wealth
We all contain six types of opulences in some fraction of quantity. Krishna contains them in full. Thus one who wants to enjoy one of these surrenders to Krishna.
The one who is searching for knowledge of absolute
Material piety brings result of material sense gratification but as it is inevitably limited and temporary, one acquires realized knowledge, that he should find eternal refuge. Thus he ultimately reaches to Krishna.
Why and When
It is said in Brahma Sutras, Samanvaya Adhyaya, Pada 1,
Now, therefore one should enquire about Brahman.
When this ‘Now’ will come in our life ? Thus the word ‘Now’ represents ‘When’.
When person has properly studies Vedic literature, understood meaning
Adhered to the principles of Vaishnava Dharma.
Observed the vows of truthfulness
Purifies mind, heart and intelligence
Attained association of self realized souls
The word ‘therefore’ represents ‘Why.’ Why should we serve the Lord ?
Because this world is Anitya-Vstu (temperory) but the supreme Lord is Nitya-Vstu or Chit-Vstu.
Because serving Lord is the only occupation of the living entity.
Because it is the only chance to be freed from Birth, Disease, Old-age and Death.
Devotees of Lord
Position of a Devotee
Pure devotees of the Lord are more powerful than the waters of the sacred river Ganges. One can derive spiritual benefit out of prolonged use of the Ganges waters. But one can be sanctified at once by the mercy of a pure devotee of the Lord. In Bhagavad-gītā it is said that any person, regardless of birth as śūdra, woman, or merchant, can take shelter of the lotus feet of the Lord and by so doing can return to Godhead. To take shelter of the lotus feet of the Lord means to take shelter of the pure devotees. The pure devotees whose only business is serving are honored by the names Prabhupāda and Viṣṇupāda, which indicate such devotees to be representatives of the lotus feet of the Lord. Anyone, therefore, who takes shelter of the lotus feet of a pure devotee by accepting the pure devotee as his spiritual master can be at once purified.
Pious activities bring about material opulence, but one cannot acquire devotional service by any amount of material pious activity—not by giving charity, opening big hospitals and schools or working philanthropically. Devotional service can be attained only by the mercy of a pure devotee. Without a pure devotee’s mercy, one cannot even escape the bondage of material existence.
One who is not envious but who is a kind friend to all living entities, who does not think himself a proprietor, who is free from false ego and equal both in happiness and distress, who is always satisfied and engaged in devotional service with determination and whose mind and intelligence are in agreement with Me (Krishna)-he is very dear to Me.
One who is equal to friends and enemies, who is equiposed in honor and dishonor, heat and cold, happiness and distress, fame and infamy, who is always free from contamination, always silent and satisfied with anything, who doesn’t care for any residence, who is fixed in knowledge and engaged in devotional service, is very dear to Me.
He who follows this imperishable path of devotional service and who completely engages himself with faith, making Me the supreme goal, is very, very dear to Me.
Duties of Devotee
Bow down to the Lord.
Visit places of pilgrimage and temples of the Supreme Lord.
Circumambulate the temple at least three times.
Chant the Lord’s name softly to oneself.
Chant the Lord’s name loudly in congregation.
Smell incense and flowers offered to the Deity.
Eat the remnants of food offered to the Deity.
Regularly (once or twice daily) attend the arati offered to the Deity, as well as special festivals.
Regularly look upon the Deity.
Offer one’s dear most possessions to the Supreme Lord.
Meditate on the Lord’s name, form, pastimes, etc.
Platforms of Devotees
“A faithful devotee is truly eligible candidate for the loving service of God. According to one’s faith, one is classified as topmost devotee and intermediate devotee or an inferior devotee.”
He does not see anyone as being against the Vaiṣṇava principles, for he regards everyone as a Vaiṣṇava but himself. The Stage of uttama-adhikārī is very rarely attained. He should not to be imitated
He is completely aware of theśāstric conclusion and has firm faith in his guru and the Lord. He, therefore, avoiding nondevotees, preaches to the innocent.
Inferior devotee (neophyte)
He has firm faith but is not familiar with the conclusions of the śāstras.
The offences should be avoided
1) To blaspheme the devotees who have dedicated their lives for propagating the holy name of the Lord.
2) To consider the names of demigods like Lord Shiva or Lord Brahma to be equal to or independent of the name of the Lord Vishnu.
3) To disobey the orders of the spiritual master.
4) To blaspheme the vedic scriptures or scriptures in pursuance to the vedic version.
5) To consider the glories of chantingHare Krishna to be an imagination.
6) To give some interpretations to the holy name of the Lord.
7) To commit sinful activities on the strength of the holy name.
8) To consider the chanting of Hare Krishna as one of the auspicious ritualistic activities which are offered in the Vedas as frutive activities (Karma kanda).
9) To instruct a faithless person about the glories of the holy name
10) To not have complete faith in the chanting of the holy name and to maintain material attachments, even after understanding so many instructions on this matter. It is also an offense to be inattentive while chanting.
Lord of the Devotional Service
Krishna is the only Supreme.
Lord Krishna has 64 qualities among which the four qualities are not found in Lord Shiva and also not in Lord Shiva, what to speak of the demigods ?
He is the performer of wonderful varieties of pastimes.
He is surrounded by devotees endowed with wonderful love of Godhead.
He can attract all living entities all over the universes by playing on His flute.
He has a wonderful excellence of beauty which cannot be rivaled anywhere in the creation.
Krishna is not impersonal.
We should not take it for granted that just because we cannot see God with our eyes, the Lord does not have a personal existence. The Ishopanishad mantra refutes this argument by warning us that the Lord is “far away but very near as well.” The abode of the Supreme Lord is far, far beyond the material sky, and its distance cannot even be measured. But despite the Lord’s being so far away, He can at once, within less than a second, descend before us with a speed swifter than the mind or wind.
Therefore, Arjuna, you should always think of Me in the form of Krsna and at the same time carry out your prescribed duty of fighting. With your activities dedicated to Me and your mind and intelligence fixed on Me, you will attain Me without doubt.
He who meditates on the Supreme Personality of Godhead, his mind constantly engaged in remembering Me, undeviated from the path, he, O Partha [Arjuna], is sure to reach Me.
Reward of Devotional Service
Liberation is not the Goal of Devotional Service.
The great devotee Hanumān prayed:
bhava-bandha-cchide tasyai spṛhayāmi na muktaye
bhavān prabhur ahaṁ dāsa iti yatra vilupyate
“I do not wish to take liberation or to merge in the Brahman effulgence, where the conception of being a servant of the Lord is completely lost.”
Similarly, in the Nārada-pañcarātra it is stated:
dharmārtha-kāma-mokṣeṣu necchā mama kadācana
tvat-pāda-paṅkajasyādho jīvitaṁ dīyatāṁ mama
“I do not want any one of the four desirable stations. I simply want to engage as a servant of the lotus feet of the Lord.”
King Kulaśekhara, in his very famous book Mukunda-mālā-stotra, prays:
nāhaṁ vande tava caraṇayor dvandvamadvandva-hetoḥ
kumbhī-pākaṁ gurum api hare nārakaṁ nāpanetum
bhāve bhāve hṛdaya-bhavane bhāvayeyaṁ bhavantam
“My Lord, I do not worship You to be liberated from this material entanglement, nor do I wish to save myself from the hellish condition of material existence, nor do I ever pray for a beautiful wife to enjoy in a nice garden. I wish only that I may always be in full ecstasy with the pleasure of serving Your Lordship.” (MM 4) In Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam also there are many instances in the Third and Fourth cantos in which devotees pray to the Lord simply to be engaged in His service, and nothing else
Types of Liberation
Living on the same planet of the God.
In this liberation one gains residence on one of the Vaikuṇṭha planets where the Narayana forms reside.
Having the opulence as much as of the God.
When one attains this liberation, he acquires the same opulences(wealth) as the Lord and lives in the Vaikuntha planets.
Having the form similar to the God.
This liberation you get the same form as the 4 armed Lord Narayana and live in the Vaikuntha planets.
Having direct association of God.
In this liberation one becomes a personal associate of Lord and stay in His direct association. This liberation attained by devotees likeArjuna. He was always a friend of the Lord.
Becoming one with God.
This is the liberation attained by yogis and jnanis. In this liberation one becomes one with brahmajoyti(the dazzling effulgence from the body of the Lord) or he becomes one with the Lord Himself by losing all individuality. Attaining this kind of liberation is not very hard, the enemies of the Lord such as Kamsa attained this liberation. Chaitanya Caritamrita explains that a devotee would rather go to hell than attain this kind of liberation. In hell we still have the opportunity to serve the Lord but when we become one with the Lord we commit an abominable action and become an offender at the lotus feet of the Lord.
Super-exelance in Devotional Service
“Every living entity is eternally related to the Supreme Lord, and this relationship may be in any one of many transcendental humors. At the stage called asakti, attachment, a person can understand his relationship with the Supreme Lord. When he understands his position, he begins reciprocating with the Lord. By constant reciprocation with the Lord, the devotee is elevated to the highest stage of love of Godhead, prema.”
brahmānando bhaved eṣa cet parārdha-guṇī-kṛtaḥ
naiti bhakti-sukhāmbhodheḥ paramāṇu-tulām api
“If multiplied billions of times, the transcendental pleasure derived from impersonal Brahman realization still could not compare to even an atomic portion of the ocean of bhakti, or transcendental service.” (Bhakti-rasāmṛta-sindhu 1.1.38)
Spiritual Master – The establisher of Devotional Service
Qualification of a Spiritual Master
In Cahitanya Charitmrita, Madhya lila, 8.128, it is said that-
kibā vipra, kibā nyāsī, śūdra kene naya
yei kṛṣṇa-tattva-vettā, sei ‘guru’ haya
“Whether one is a brāhmaṇa, a sannyāsī or a śūdra—regardless of what he is—he can become a spiritual master if he knows the science of Kṛṣṇa.”
In Shrimad Bhagvatam, 5.5.18, it is said that-
gurur na sa syāt sva-jano na sa syāt
pitā na sa syāj jananī na sā syāt
daivaṁ na tat syān na patiś ca sa syān
na mocayed yaḥ samupeta-mṛtyum
One who cannot deliver his dependents from the path of repeated birth and death should never become a spiritual master, a father, a husband, a mother or a worshipable demigod.
Shrila Prabhupada says, There are many spiritual masters, but Ṛṣabhadeva advises that one should not become a spiritual master if he is unable to save his disciple from the path of birth and death. Unless one is a pure devotee of Kṛṣṇa, he cannot save himself from the path of repeated birth and death. Unless one is devoted, he cannot give everything to the Supreme Lord. Unless one can do so, he cannot become a spiritual master, husband, father or mother.
Absolute necessity of Spiritual Master
It is said in Bhagvad Gita 4.34,
tad viddhi praṇipātena
upadekṣyanti te jñānaṁ
Just try to learn the truth by approaching a spiritual master. Inquire from him submissively and render service unto him. The self-realized souls can impart knowledge unto you because they have seen the truth.
In Svetashetar Upanishas 6.23, it is said,
yasya deve paraa bhaktir yathaa deve tathaa gurau tasyaite kathitaa hy arthah prakaasante maha atmanah Only unto those great souls who have implicit faith in both the Lord and Spiritual master are all the imports of Vedic knowledge automatically reavealed.
Initiation or Diksha
“Diksha (Accepting initiation from a bona fide spiritual master) is the process by which we can awaken our transcendental knowledge and vanquish the reactions caused by sinful activity. A person expert in study of the revealed scriptures knows this process as diksha” (Bhakti-Sandarbha 283)
Duty of a disciple
It is said in Bhagvatam, 11.3.22,
tatra bhāgavatān dharmān
tuṣyed ātmātma-do hariḥ
Accepting the bona fide spiritual master as one’s life and soul and worshipable deity, the disciple should learn from him the process of pure devotional service. The Supreme Personality of Godhead, Hari, the soul of all souls, is inclined to give Himself to His pure devotees. Therefore, the disciple should learn from the spiritual master to serve the Lord without duplicity and in such a faithful and favorable way that the Supreme Lord, being satisfied, will offer Himself to the faithful disciple.
I have refered following books for compilation of this article.
Nectar of Devotions
Bhagvad Gita as it is
Veidic Philosophy for Students
Light of Bhagvata
Elevation to Krishna Conciousness
Mukunda Mala Stotra
Note– If you want to know more, Please do read Nectar of Devotion written by Shrila Prabhupada.
Actually there were two different Buddhas that played the part to establish Buddhism and its principles of ahimsa and nonviolence and its monist philosophy.
When Lord Buddha appeared, the people of India, although following the Vedas, had deviated from the primary goal of Vedic philosophy. They had become preoccupied with performing ceremonies and rituals for material enjoyment. Some of the rituals included animal sacrifices. The people had begun to sacrifice animals indiscriminately on the plea of Vedic rituals and then indulged in eating the flesh. Being misled by unworthy priests, much unnecessary animal killing was going on and the people were becoming more degraded.
Gautama, the enlightened appeared to propose monism and atheism. However, because of Buddha’s lack of interest in discussing any metaphysical topics, many interpretations of his philosophy were not only possible but were formed, especially after his disappearance. The two main divisions of Buddhism that developed were the Hinayana, or lesser vehicle, and Mahayana, or greater vehicle.
This article will further discus scriptural mentions of both Buddhas and their comparative study addition to the illusionary presentation of dual Budha theory and merging of two in one.
Comparative Study of Lord Buddha and Gautama Sakhyamuni and their philosophies
Lord Buddha (Incarnation of supreme)
Saint Gautama Buddha
Time of Appearance
He lived approximately 3500 years ago, or by accurate astronomical and astrological calculation around 4000 years ago. His birth must have been near 1887 B.C., and His disappearance in 1807 B.C
25,000 years ago (563 BCE/480 BCE – 483 BCE/400 BCE)
The Avatara Buddha was born in what became known as Bodhgaya. Because Bodhgaya was birthplace of Lord Budha, Gautama visited Bodhgaya to have enlightment.
Gautama was born in Lumbini, now in Nepal. The Buddhist tradition regards Lumbini to be the birthplace of Gautama. He grew up in Kapilavastu.
Name of Parents
Mother’s name was Anjana.
Mother’s name was Mayadevi. In Buddhist tradition Maya died soon after the birth of Buddha, generally said to be seven days afterwards.
Father’s name was Sidhodhana. Suddhodana’s father was Sihahanu while his mother was Kaccanā.
Lord Krishna appears in each universe. When His activities are finished in one universe, He begins His pastimes in another. Thus, His eternal pastimes go on like this in the universes as long as the material manifestation continues. Furthermore, His eternally liberated devotees also follow Him from one universe to another to accompany Him in His blissful pastimes. It is also said in Buddhist texts that Lord Buddha appears in every universe at different time periods.
There are 22 main lila-avataras of the Supreme Being who appear throughout the ages. They all have specific forms or bodily features, and particular purposes for appearing. These are listed in the various Vedic texts, especially the Puranas, and their many pastimes are explained in detail therein..
3. Origin of every religion
The supreme God is origin of all religions as he sends his prophets to interact with material beings or Himself incarnates to love His children.
1. Enlightened Being
Gautama was an enlightened being not God according to present Buddhist texts. Gautama made his way to a place near BodhGaya in India, where he found the Birthplace of Lord Budha. There he remained, emphasizing meditation. He was blessed by Lord Budha. It is said that, He meditated for about six years and thus was enlightened.
2. Qualitative God
Gautama was an ordinary jiva thus was not God. Everyone is a soul which is part of God. Soul and God are qualitatively same but quantitatively different. Thus, just like everyone else, Gautama was also qualitative God.
As Gautama was enlightened by Lord Budha, He was a Vaishnava. He represented Lord Budha and thus acted as his successor.
1. Support to Vedas
As Lord Budha was an incarnation of the supreme, He never rejected the Vedic authority. He supported Vedas and worship of the supreme personality of Godhead, Shri Krishna.
2. Acceptance of theism, soul, reincarnation etc.
He never proposed monism, pantheism, impersonalism, atheism. He accepted the existence of soul and thus transmigration of soul. As present Buddhism is distorted version, It rejects the existence of soul but accepts reincarnation (!!!).
3. Discarding Violence
In Vedas, the animals are sacrificed to verify the purity of sacrificial tools and paraphernalia used for fire sacrifice. When the animal is killed, If everything is pure, the animal used to become alive again. In such sacrifices a horse or cow used to be sacrificed. In the time period of Lord Budha, Brahmins started killing animals not for verification purpose but to earn money by organizing sacrifices and in rare cases, consuming the meat of the animal.
Thus to reject such sacrifices and stop unnecessary violence Lord Budha appeared.
4. Destroying Pseudo-Varnashrama
Varnashrama is Vedic caste system in which society is organized into four sections based on the occupation and nature of their behavior. Such classification was not based on birth.
But in the time period of Budha, to rule over other elements of society, Brahmins started considering one to be from particular class on the basis of birth. Hence. Buddha appeared to destroy such Pseudo-Varnashrama and to establish real Varnashrama.
1. Anti Vedic Agenda
Gautama discarded Vedas and preached against them. It was a filtration process for Hinduism. He took people who had atheistic tendencies away from Hinduism
2. Superficial acceptance of Sankhya-Yoga and Vaisheshikha hilosophy
Sankhya and Vaisheshikha philosophies are found in Darshana School of Hinduism and founded by Sage Kapila and Kanada respectively. They are not atheistic but support the acceptance of God and inductive way of analysis of God. The inductive way of analysis is accepted by monism but not God. Because Gautama (incompletely/ superficially) accepted Sankhya philosophy, He is also known as Sakhyamuni. (The founder of Sankhya philosophy is known as Sankhyamuni)
3. Word Jugglery
Buddhist philosophy which is a monist ideology remains incomplete thus based on abstract theories. The word Jugglery can be found in many theories like- the aim of meditation (glorification of peace and effort of experience of peace without accepting the highest authority), Idea of Reincarnation (Acceptance of reincarnation but not the truth of existence of soul).
4. Effort of Manipulation
After disappearance of Gautama Sakhyamuni, Buddhism was kicked out of India thus was carried to outer India. When it was introduced to foreigners, Buddhist monks accepted the regional traditions to keep their beliefs alive. Thus original Buddhist philosophy was manipulated and many forms of Buddhism were formed which can be differentiated on the basis of region and places where they are found. Among these types- Theravada, Mahayana, Vajrayana are major but badly edited and follow manmade ritualism and tantrism.
Advantages of doctrine
1. Rejection of Karma Kanda
Budha rejected the section of Karma-Kanda from Vedas. It is formed of ritualism and furtive activities which are not the heart of Vedas but just a coverlet. They are dedicated to demigods for fulfillment of personal desires and include tamsic fire sacrifices and recitation of mantras to ask something in return. As they are not useful for eternal upliftment, Buddha rejected them for social good.
2. Establishment of Yuga-Dharma
The duty prescribed for every millaniam is different as capability of people becomes defective as time passes. The duty of previous millanium was, thus to reject it and give inspiration to society for proceeding further Budha appeared.
3. Confidential Reason
Buddha incarnated to make suitable arrangements for Bhakti Cult which was established later by Lord Chaitanya and His Associates. The duty of this millaniom is chanting the name of God and serving him thus to indirectly support this Dharma He rejected Karma-Kanda and furtive ritualism.
1. Shelter to Atheism
People with atheistic tendencies were bewildered, confused and baffled. They had no shelter and no way for spiritual upliftment. Thus, to provide some knowledge so that they can also make some advancement, Gautama thought atheistic dogma.
2. Worship of Bhagavan
He also established the worship of Lord Buddha so that atheists and people with less intelligence can also acquire Mercy of The Lord.
3. Protection of Hinduism
If atheists would have stayed in Hinduism (Sanatana Dharma) they would have destroyed the core heart of Dharma and deluded other followers by their immature actions. Thus, establishment of Buddhism was filtration process for Hinduism.
4. The effort against suffering
The Buddha said, “All I teach is suffering and the end of suffering.” As Bhagvadgeeta mentiones, This world is house of Dukkha, thus the end of suffering is to serrendering to the supreme by serving him and chanting the holy names of God.
Disadvantages of doctrine
1. Unanswered Questions
As Buddhism is based on monism, nihilism and atheism, it obviously cannot answer many questions. No details are provided of the energy situated within which travels to different body after our death. Peace is not any tool or a thing which can stay forever. It is state of mind and thus temporary. The Buddha remained silent when asked fourteen questions. He described them as a net and refused to be drawn into such a net of theories, speculations, and dogmas. (As His work was to spread atheism, He remained silent)
2. Limited spiritual upliftment
As there is no ideal theory and incomplete expression of truth, one who practices Buddhism may feel temporary peace but not the higher eternal taste experience by Vaishnavas.
3. Re-enter of Pseudo-Karmakanda and Pseudo Tantra
There’s no historical record of the Buddha teaching tantra. To lend these practices authenticity the Tibetan establishment calls them the Buddha’s ‘secret’ teachings (!!), carried out in a duplicate body in another realm of existence at the same time he was teaching here on Earth. Lord Budha appeared to erase Karmakanda and ritualistic tantra on this planet but after Gautama departed, due to absence of authenticity, they again entered into Budhism. Also tantra which is practiced is not original but borrowed and modified from Hinduism.
Analysis through the vision of ideal Vaishnavism
Before reading further, We should make some concepts clear.
There are Two types of Budhism
Established by Gautama (Monism)
Established by Shankaracharya (Impersonalism)
Sri Krishna-Dvaipayana Vyasadeva, who compiled the major Vedic texts, has declared in his writings in the Puranas that the monistic, impersonal Mayavada philosophy is false and non-Vedic. The same would apply to what we presently know as Buddhism.
“The theory of Mayavadism (Impersonalism) is a concocted scripture and is known as a disguised Buddhism.”
Vaishnavas never worship the nihilist and atheist (sunyavada) Buddha or Gautama Buddha, They only worship Lord Vishnu’s ninth incarnation, Lord Budd
Buddhist texts like Prajna-Paramita Sutra, Astasahastrika Prajna-Paramita Sutra, Sata-shastrika Prajna-Paramita Sutra, Lalita Vistara, etc. Proper scrutiny of these texts reveals the existence of three categories of Buddha, namely:
Qualitative Buddhas: like Gautama, who came to be known as Buddha after enlightenment.
Bodhisattva Buddhas: Personalities like Samanta Bhadraka who were born enlightened.
Adi (original) Buddha: the omnipresent Vishnu Avatara incarnation of Lord Buddha.
Lord Budha and Sakhyamuni Gautama are different
Lord Buddha also finds repeated mention in many authentic Vedic scriptures like the Vishnu Purana, Agni Purana, Vayu Purana, and Skanda Purana. The Buddha mentioned in the Devi Bhagavat, a more recent text, and in Shakti Pramoda, refers to Shakya Simha Buddha – not the Vishnu Avatara Buddha.
sa shakyasimhah sarvarthasiddhah shauddhodanishcha sah | gautamashcarkabandhushca mayadevisutashca sah ||
“Teacher of the Shakyas, lion of the Shakyas, accomplisher of all goals, son of Shuddhodana, of Gautama’s line, friend of scholars, son of Mayadevi.”
Lord Budha, the Avatara mentioned in Hindu texts
In Dashavatara Stotram,
nindasi yajna vidherahaha shrutijatam,
sadaya hridaya darshita pashughatam,
keshava dhrita bhuddha sharira,
jaya jagadisha hare jaya jagadisha hare.
“O Lord of the universe, Keshava! You took the form of Lord Buddha Who is full of compassion and stopped the slaughter of animals which is strictly forbidden in the Vedas.”
in the Srimad-Bhagavatam 1/3/24, Lord Buddha’s advent is described in the following manner:
tatah kalau sampravritte
“Then in the beginning of Kali-yuga, the Lord will appear as Buddha, son of Anjana, in the province of Gaya, just for the purpose of deluding those who are envious of the faithful theist.”
Sri Sridhara Svami writes,
buddha avartaramaha tata iti anjanasya sutaha
ajina suta it pathe ajino’ pi sa eva kikateshu madhye gaya-pradeshe
“Buddha-avatara refers to Buddha who is the son of Anjana, and also in another reading, the son of Ajina. In the above verse, the name is written as Ajina or Anjana, and Kikata refers to Gaya Pradesha.”
“Lord Buddha will appear on the second day of the waxing moon, in the month of Jyaishtha. Lord Buddha is especially worshipped in the seventh day of the waxing moon in the month of Pausha.”
In Chapters 17-18 of the 3rd Section of Vishnu Purana
Buddha has been designated as Mayamoha’.
In Srimad-Bhagavatam 10.40.22,
namo buddhaya shuddhaya daitya-danava-mohine
mleccha-praya-kshatra-hantre namas te kalki-rupine
“O Lord! I offer my obeisances unto Your form of Buddha, who, possessing a faultless nature, deluded the miscreants by composing anti-Vedic scriptures. I also offer obeisances unto Your Kalki form, the annihilator of the wicked kshatriyas who are no better than barbarians.”
The Amarakosha-grantha states:
sarvajna api sugato buddho dharmarajastathagataha
samastabhadro bhagavan marajillokajijjinaha
sarvabhijno dashabalo ‘dvayavad‚ vinayakaha
munindraha srighanaha shasta muniha shakyamunistu yaha “Budha is All-Knowing, Transcendental, Buddha, King of Righteousness, He Who Has Come, Beneficent, All-Encompassing, Lord, Conqueror of Maya, Victorious of Three Worlds, He Who Controls His Senses, Protector from the Six Enemies, Lord of the Sages, Embodiment of Splendor and Eminent Saint.”
“O Krishna, He who accept ten incarnations! I offer my obeisances unto You for saving the Vedic scriptures as Matsya-incarnation; You help up the universe as Kurma-incarnation, and lifted up the world as Varaha, the Boar incarnation; as Nrishimha You vanquished Hiranyakashipu; as Vamana You deceived Bali Maharaja; as Parashurama You exterminated the corrupt warrior class; as Rama You slew Ravana; as Balarama You took up the plough; as Buddha You bestowed compassion, and as Kalki You kill the Mlecchas.”
Illusionary Exibition of ‘Singo-Budha’ or Violation of DBT
Shripad Adi Sankaracharya developed his own sunya philosophy, which was very much like the Buddhist philosophy, replacing the Buddhist nirvana with his Vedic Brahman, to defeat Buddhism and drive it out of India. He succeeded most effectively. At that time many were leaving Vedic culture altogether and converting to Buddhism. But with this new Mayavadha philosophy from Sankaracharya, Buddhism bowed and the conversions stopped, and Buddhism itself started to decline.
The reason why these two Buddhas became merged into one identity was partly because Adi Sankaracharya, in discussions with others, related them as one person and did not discriminate between the purpose of one or the other.
Sri Sankaracharya’s connection to Buddha requires further elaboration and analysis. It becomes imperative to research this matter if Sankaracharya’s philosophy is referred to as another presentation of Buddhism.
Sri Sankaracharya’s assessment of Buddha seems opaque, for he would have us believe that Shakya Simha Gautama Buddha [the human] and the Lord Buddha [the avatara] that the Vaishnavas worship, are one and the same personality. However, this is far from the truth.
As Shankara was Lord Shiva himself, his consideration must not be any mistake but there should be some confidential reason which may have strengthen his impersonalist philosophy.
While discussing Buddha’s philosophy, Sri Sankaracharya mentions his name in his Brahma Sutra commentary: sarvatha api anadarniya ayam sugata-samayah shreyaskamaih iti abhiprayaha. In this statement Sugata refers to Gautama. However, name for Vishnu Avatara Buddha is Sugata, and thus Sankaracharya falsely interpolated Gautama Shakhya Simha Buddha as if he was Vishnu Avatara Buddha.
5000 years ago the world was not divided by the territories which we see today. There were no conflicts and distinctions of religion, scriptures, beliefs and cultures. The world was ruled by one king and the capital of the world was Hastinapura, New Dehli. After the great world war of Mahabharata, there was anarchy all over the world. During this unstable period, the throne was being ruled by the King Parikshita. During his rule, Kaliyuga, the age of darkness arrived which influenced the minds of people outside the India as it was not able to work on this land of gods and pilgrims, Bharata. Thus after the rule of Parikshita, the world started being divided into many parts and their veidic culture was modified by the people who were ruled by personality of Kali.
This post is an effort to revive the veidic culture of ancient Egypt and analyze it through the light of Sanatana Dharma. Egypt is the second oldest civilization and the modified version veidic culture which helped in building great miracles. The archeology, philosophy, theology, traditions, monuments and all facts related to Egypt prove the presence of veidic essence within it. Max Mullerhad also observed that the mythology of Egyptians (and also that of the Greeks and Assyrians) is wholly founded on Vedic traditions. Eusebius, a Greek writer, has also recorded that the early Ethiopians emigrated from the river Indus and first settled in the vicinity of Egypt.
The Symbol Ankh and Pavitram
Ankh is a key like symbol carried by Egyptian Gods. This is what Wikipedia says about it: “The origin of the symbol remains a mystery to Egyptologists, and no single hypothesis has been widely accepted. One of the earliest suggestions is that of Thomas Inman, first published in 1869:
It is by Egyptologists called the symbol of life. It is also called the “handled cross”, or crux ansata. It represents the male triad and the female unit, under a decent form. There are few symbols more commonly met with in Egyptian art. In some remarkable sculptures, where the sun’s rays are represented as terminating in hands, the offerings which these bring are many a crux ansata, emblematic of the truth that a fruitful union is a gift from the deity”.
My interpretation it is the PAVITHRAM of Hindus. Hindus, particularly Brahmins, wear this key like symbol ‘Pavithram’ made up of Dharba grass during every ritual or Puja. Like Egyptian Gods get or give energy with Ankh, Hindus get energy from the sun by wearing Pavitham. The above passage can be interpreted as Lingam and Yoni of Saivism as well.
Concept of soul
Soul is situated in the heart
Heart is mentioned in Egyptian literature as Ib or Jb or Ab. Heart is said to be formed from a drop of blood of mother’s heart. To ancient Egyptians, Heart was the seat of the soul thus it was the centre of emotions, will and intentions. In their tradition, heart was the key of afterlife. This is evidenced by the many expressions in the Egyptian language which incorporate the word jb. This word was transcribed by E. A. Wallis Budge as Ab.
In Sanatana Dharma, Soul is situated in the subtle heart. Soul is the origin of consciousness which is transferred through the brain to all the neurons.
Soul and supersoul
Soul is the Sheut of the God(s). The word Sheut means shadow. Egyptians surmised that a shadow contains something of the person it represents. Through this association, statues of people and deities were sometimes referred to as shadows. Shadows are identifies as the representation or an existing image of the respective being. Thus as soul is the shadow, it has quality of the origin but it cannot be equated with the quantity or power of it’s creator as it cannot be misunderstood with the person because of whom shadow is seen. Soul is also identified as rays of the god Ra (The Sun God).
According to Sanatana Dharma, God or the Supersoul is compared with the Sun and the soul with it’s rays. Soul and God are qualitatively similar but quantitatively different. The famous philosopher in Hinduism, Shripad Madhvacharya Swami compared the Supreme with the moon and the souls with it’s shadow. When the pots are filled with water and arranged under the moon, they reflect the moon. Moon is compared with the supersoul and souls with reflection or the shadow.
Soul is the minute spark of the supreme
Soul in Egyptian mythology is also known as Ka. Ka means the spark or the vital spark. According to Aryan tradition, soul is the minute part of God. Just like a fire emits the sparks, the Supreme being Lord Krishna is present within each being as Supersoul and as His minute spark, the soul.
Soul is personal
The ‘Ba’ (bꜣ) was everything that makes an individual unique, similar to the notion of ‘personality’. The Ba is an aspect of a person that the Egyptians believed would live within the heart during the life and after the body died. Usually Ba means person or a form which has attributes, ability of acting, desires and intentions.
Although some unauthorized sects in Hinduism believe that soul is impersonal, soul has form according to the Vedas, Upanishadas, Dharma Shastras and Puranas. Soul is within the body and according to Bhagvad-geeta, wears body just like we wear clothes (Only a form can have clothe, formless cannot). Therefore, just like Egyptians, the Aryans also believed in the form of the soul.
Soul mentioned as a bird
Soul is often seen in the form of a bird in Egyptian literature. As we know, In upanishadas, soul and Supersoul are compared with the birds. In the Brahma Sutras it is said that, Two birds enter in the cave of the heart, one sees and one eats.
Transmigration of the soul
As we all know, Egyptians believed in reincarnation and transmigration of the soul into new body. The soul departs from this old body and goes to new one. In Hinduism, this transmigration is compared with changing of cloths.
The myth of Nile
River Nile is known as Blue Nile in Egypt because of its blue colour. Actually It is named after its color which is blue. It is a Sanskrit word Nila meaning blue which is transliterated as Nile. Almost all ancient Egyptian names are Sanskrit names.
Letters written by Dasharatha
Scholars around the world knew the connection between India and Egypt. That was the time King of Ayodhya, Dasaratha wrote ten letters after marrying his daughter to Egyptian king Amhenotep (Sramana Dev).
The letter written by Dashratha to Amhenotep was discovered around 1887 by local Egyptians who secretly dug most of these letters from the ruined city of Amarna (The word is transliterated from Sanskrit word –‘Amarana’ meaning ‘No death’ (in this case- Eternal kindom), and sold them in the antiquities market. They had originally been stored in an ancient building that archaeologists have since called the Bureau of Correspondence of Pharaoh. These tablets are written by Dashratha in Egyptian local language called ‘Akkadian cuneiform’ so that king Amhenotep could understand them.
Only meaning of some words and phrases is understood and translated by archeologists. Some phrases with meanings from the letter are given as follows –
“Bird in a Cage..”
Meaning- Without the veidic foundation, any human society is like a bird in a cage.
“A brick may move…”
Meaning– A brick may easily move from under its partner, still I will not move from under the feet of the king- the glorious one, as my daughter is your wife and my glory is yours.(Used in letters EA 266, 292, and 296. EA 292 by Adda-danu of Gazru.)
“For…with lack of a cultivator…daughter”
Meaning– “For the lack of a cultivator, my field is like a woman without a husband. My child without a man” (Rib-Hadda letter EA 75)
“Hale like Bram the Sun…”
Meaning– “And know that the King is Hale like the Sun in the Sky. For his troops and his chariots in multitude all goes very well and it will go with all auspiciousness as my daughter is yours and my glory lies within your faith which rests in Brahman….”
“I looked and this way, and I looked…”
“I looked this way, and I looked that way, and there was no light. Then I looked towards Rama, my son, indeed my Lord, and there was light. I expect you to become like Rama, the all merciful” (EA 296 by Yahtiru.)
“May the right goddess of Gablgna (Ganga)…”
“May the goddess of Ganga rant power to the king, my dear son.” (varieties of the phrase in the Rib-Hadda letters)
“a pot held in pledge..”
“For you the king, a pot of gold as your dawary held in pledge” (The Pot of a Debt. EA 292 by Adda-danu of Gazru.)
“7 times and 7 times again…”
7 times and 7 times– Over and over again, you fell at my feet, thus your politeness fruictified and my wealth (my daughter) became your consort.
“fall … 7 times and 7…father“
I fall, at the feet 7 times and 7 times, on the back and on the stomach unto the supreme personality of Godhead for He is the Suprmem Father of you, me and of the entire universe. (EA 316, by Pu-Ba’lu)
Manes, The law giver
Menes or Manu was given a legendary date 3100 BC by the Greeks because Indian Kaliyuga Calendar begins at that period (5000 years ago). Mayans also followed this Kali Yuga Calendar. Menes (Manu) was praised the first Law Giver of Egypt by the Greek Historian Diodorous Siculus.
Manu (In Hinduism)=Manes (in Egyptian literature), Minos (in Greek mythology), Moses (in Blible and Isalam).
Manu, Manes, Minos, Moses – these four names overshadow the entire ancient and modern world, they appear at the cradles of four different people to play the same role, they all were law givers. This idea of law giver in different cultures (or Psuedo-religions) is born of Hinduism originated from the description of Manu, the law giver in Sanatana dharma and was modified in different cultures through Egyptian literature which was copied from viedic texts.
Louis Jacolliot has written:
“Egypt received from India, by Manes or Manu, its social institutions and laws, which resulted in division of the people into four castes, and placing the priest in the first rank; in the second, kings; then traders and artisans; and last in the social scale, the proletaire”
Diodorus Siculus also stated that Menes had introduced the worship of the gods and the practice of sacrifice as well as a more elegant and luxurious style of living. In Sanatana Dharma, Manu is the law giver who wrote Manu-Samhita which is an important scripture among Dharma-Shastras teaches law and ethics and mentions all the rules and regulations should be followed by a living entity.
For this latter invention, Menes’ memory was dishonoured by the Twenty-fourth Dynasty pharaoh Tefnakht and Plutarch mentions a pillar at Thebes on which was inscribed an imprecation against Menes as the introducer of luxury. Thus Menes as Manu and His original description was lost because of this disregard and ‘anti-veidic agenda’ of local rulers of ancient Egypt.
Egyptians were just like Indian Hindus. They believed kings were half God, half man. Indian words for kings and palaces are synonymous with Gods and Temples. Diodorous links Heracles (Hercules) with Egypt and India. Hercules was one of the 12 ancient Gods of Egypt and he cleared India of wild animals, says Diodorous.
Egyptian kings called themselves children of Surya/sun. This corresponds with the Surya Vamsa of Hindu scriptures. Like Indian Hindu kings, Egyptian kings had two names : 1. Name given at birth 2. Coronation name or Abisheka Nama.
Destroted Sanskrit words in Egyptian literature
Just a few examples:
Zawyet el Aryan=Arya
Dashuf= Dasyu or Dasa
Amarna= Amarana or Amara
El Badari= Badrinath (Lord of Badri)
Beni Hasan=Vani darsan
Naj el der=Naga.
The Shri Yantra and Egyptian Pyramids
Sri Yantra’s 3 dimensional geometrical pattern contains the elusive Theory Of Everthing ( TOE ) which interlinks gravity and antigravity to the other fundamental forces of nature. This cosmic consciousness pranic diagram contains the 11 dimensions, the ultimate periodical table of elements and E8 root structure which is inclusive of the double helix DNA , quarks, anti-quarks, leptons, neutrinos, excitons, plasmons , solitons ,mesons, hadrons, gluons, W-bosons, nuclear forces , scalar waves , akashic torsion field records , dark energy, time, space etc.
The golden ratio is lifted by an Italian Fibonacci , from the mystic Vaastu geometry of Sri Yantra of Indian Vedic times 10,000 years ago. 51 deg 49 min 38.25 sec are angle measurement for both the Egyptian pyramid and Sri Yantra.
These facts are incredible but true thus cannot be ignored.
Veidic pyramids are known as वास्तु शिखरिन्, meaning- वास्तु(vastu)-architecture, शिखरिन्(Shikharin) –Pyramid
Vāstu śāstra is a traditional Hindu system of architecture which literally translates to “science of architecture.” These are texts found on the Indian subcontinent that describe principles of design, layout, measurements, ground preparation, space arrangement and spatial geometry.
The pyramid has been known from ancient times as a powerful design that connects to energy forces or to the cosmic energy and its shape is identified with healing qualities. The Egyptians viewed the pyramid as a spiritual symbol because its form directs the electromagnetic energy surrounding the earth and form the stars and other planets. In metaphysical studies, its structure with four sloping sides emits positive energy that neutralizes negative energy .One of its main function is to remove or recycle stagnated and negative energy and focus harmonizing energies. Research and experiments have shown that pyramid powers change the mental, physical and emotional states of individuals who have been exposed to its vibrations. They are also used to preserve the prasadam and induce energy in it.
The third Eye
The third eye is known as the gateway to higher consciousness. It may alternately symbolize a state of enlightenment. In Eastern spiritual traditions, the third eye is known as the ‘inner eye’; the mystical and esoteric concept referring to the ‘ajna’ chakra. The third eye is associated with clairvoyance, out-of-body experiences, visions, and precognition. People who have developed their third eye are known as ‘seers’.
There are two small organs in the brain known as the pituitary body and the pineal gland. Medical Science refers to the pineal gland as the ‘atrophied third eye.’ It is said that neither of these glands are atrophied. These glands were once used in the past as a means for man to get in touch with the inner worlds, his way to ingress. These glands will again serve that purpose. Man will again possess the ability of clairvoyance by remembering how to establish a connection to the pineal gland and the pituitary body, but on a much grander scale by connecting the pineal gland and the pituitary body with the cerebrospinal nervous system. Once this is accomplished, it will be under the control of man’s will.
Activating the third eye can be accomplished through meditation. Mastering the art of meditation will help to activate the pineal gland and the pituitary body as well as teaching you to relax and open your mind to all possibilities. Once this is accomplished, clairvoyance is easily reached.
When we study this third eye in Hinduism we can surely realize that the Egyptians might have used exactly the same ‘eye’ as the Hindus to symbolize the Third Eye. As we can see in the images below, they did indeed.
Preserving of Body
In Egyptian tradition, we often see mummies, the preserved bodies. In Hindu scriptures also we may find such mentions of preservation of dead bodies.
The demigods are in a position many times higher than that of human beings. Therefore, although the great saints and sages were also powerful brāhmaṇas, they requested the demigods to revive Mahārāja Nimi’s body, which had been preserved in various perfumed balms. One should not think that the demigods are powerful only in enjoying the senses; they are also powerful in such deeds as bringing life back to a dead body. There are many similar instances in the Vedic literature. For example, according to the history of Sāvitrī and Satyavān, Satyavān died and was being taken away by Yamarāja, but on the request of his wife, Sāvitrī, Satyavān was revived in the same body. This is an important fact about the power of the demigods.-Shrila Prabhupada, SB 9.13.8 Purport
Division of Months
In Indian Calenders we will see an extra month after each four years. Purshottam maas is an extra month or thirteen in the Hindu calendar. This is been done for bridging of the lunar and solar calendars
The ancient Egyptian calendar was a solar calendar with a 365-day year. The year consisted of three seasons of 120 days each, plus an intercalary month of 5 epagomenal days treated as outside of the year proper.
I Akhet Thoth
II Akhet Phaophi
III Akhet Athyr
IV Akhet Choiak
I Peret Tybi
II Peret Mechir
III Peret Phamenoth
IV Peret Pharmuthi
I Shemu Pachons
II Shemu Payni
III Shemu Epiphi
IV Shemu Mesore
Swallowing of Sun
Ra was the solar deity, He is the Sun God, bringer of light, and thus the upholder of Maat. Apep was viewed as the greatest enemy of Ra, and thus was given the title Enemy of Ra, and also “the Lord of Chaos”. As the personification of all that was evil, Apep was seen as a giant snake or serpent leading to such titles as Serpent from the Nile and Evil Lizard. Apep swallows the sun during the great battle which leads to solar eclipse.
In Hindu tradition, Rahu is the severed head of an asura (demon) called Svarbhānu, that swallows the sun causing eclipses. He is depicted in art as a serpent riding a chariot drawn by eight black horses. Rahu is one of the navagraha (nine planets) in Vedic astrology and is paired with Ketu. The time of day considered to be under the influence of Rahu is called Rahu kala and is considered inauspicious. In Vedic astronomy, Rahu is considered to be a rogue planet. The other name of Rahu is Bhayanaka.
Apep and Rahu Swallowing the sun
Rahu and Apep
The Cosmic Egg (Brahmanda)
One of the earliest ideas of “egg-shaped cosmos” comes from some of the Sanskrit scriptures. The Sanskrit term for it is Brahmanda (ब्रह्माण्ड) which is derived from two words- ‘Brahm’ (ब्रह्म) means ‘cosmos’ or ‘expanding’ and ‘anda’ (अण्ड) means ‘egg’. Certain Puranas such as the Bhagvata Purana speak of this in detail. In the upper half, there are 7 heavenly planetary systems and bellow, there are 7 hellish planetary systems. Earth is at seventh planetary system in which mountain Meru is at the centre.
Egyptian people also saw this universe in the form of an egg. In the original myth concerning the Ogdoad, the world arose from the waters surrounding of the mountain (Mountain Meru). Ra was contained within an egg laid upon this mound by a celestial bird. In the earliest version of this myth, the bird is eagle like. it could also be an ibis.
Breaking of vessels
Hindus break all the mud pots after using them in a funeral. They are usually made up of clay and painted red. Indian civilization is oldest scientific civilization, thus there are many scientific reasons behind our traditions. When person is dead, the decomposition of the lifeless body starts. Thus there are many unpleasant vibrations around and microbes in the air. Therefore we wash our clothes we put to visit the place of dead and our body carefully. This tradition of breaking the mud pots also indicates that, the body which is made up of the earth has become one with the earth.
Egyptians also broke all the red color ceramic vessels and pots used to prepare bread at the end of the burial ritual. This was done to ensure that they were not reused. Such descriptions of breaking the pots find in The Book of Dead.
Spinx and Purusha-Mriga
InEgyptian tradition, it has the head of a human, the haunches of a lion, and sometimes the wings of a bird. It is mythicised as treacherous and merciless. Those who cannot answer its riddle suffer a fate typical in such mythological stories, as they are killed and eaten by this ravenous monster.This deadly version of a sphinx appears in the myth and drama of Oedipus. Unlike the Greek sphinx, which was a woman, the Egyptian sphinx is typically shown as a man (an androsphinx). Purusha Mruga was renowned as one of the biggest devotees of Lord Shiva. As the name suggests, It was half man and half animal. It has wings, tail of tiger, stomach and legs of a lion. It is described in Mahabharata as well as many other minor Puranas. Indian reference to a Sphinx also comes from Tamil epics and is carved on Tamil temple walls. In fact, there are temple lamps used in traditional shrines with images of the sphinx, indicating the key role it played in local mythology. It is the symbol of prosperity and protection.
Louis Jacolliot (1837-1890), who worked in French India as a government official and was at one time President of the Court in Chandranagar, translated numerous Vedic hymns, the Manusmriti, and the Tamil work, Kural.This French savant and author of La Bible Dans L’Inde says:
“With such congruence before us, no one, I imagine, will appear to contest the purely Hindu origin of Egypt, unless to suggest that: “And who tells you that it was not Indian that copied Egypt? Any of you require that this affirmation shall be refuted by proofs leaving no room for even a shadow of doubt?
“To be quite logical, then deprive India of the Sanskrit, that language which formed all other; but show me in India a leaf of papyrus, a columnar inscription, a temple bas relief tending to prove Egyptian birth.”
Hindu Angle of Sight–Belief in reincarnation is an ancient phenomenon and is a central tenet within the majority of scriptures of Sanatana Dharma and religious traditions. When one dies, one takes birth again as per previous deeds in different body. It can be explained in three divisions – Departure of soul (After death, soul departs from the nine holes of the body), Acceptance of subtle Body (Soul accepts a subtle body called Preta for duration between death and rebirth), Birth (When the time comes, it inters into a new body through the semen).
“As the embodied soul continually passes, in this body, from boyhood to youth to old age, the soul similarly passes into another body at death. The self-realized soul is not bewildered by such a change.” Bhagvad Geeta 2:13
“For one who has taken his birth, death is certain; and for one who is dead, birth is certain. Therefore, in the unavoidable discharge of your duty, you should not lament.” Bhagvad geeta 2:27
“As a person puts on new garments, giving up old ones, similarly, the soul accepts new material bodies, giving up the old and useless ones.” Bhagvad geeta 2:22
Christian Angle of Sight– According to Bible, there is only one life, after which one has to answer the God at the Day of Judgment. According to the new-age Christians, however, there can be no doubt: reincarnation is unbiblical and should be rejected as false.
Just as people are destined to die once, and after that to face judgment. Hebrews 9:27
How suddenly are they destroyed, completely swept away by terrors! Psalm 73:19
He remembered that they were but flesh,a wind that passes and comes not again. Psalm 78:39
Hindu Angle of Sight– In material life both heaven and hell are one and the same because they are material; in either place there is no engagement in the Lord’s service. Therefore those who are engaged in the service of the Lord see no distinction between heaven and hell; it is only the materialists who prefer one to the other. Beings in the hell die and again take birth in different planetary systems according to their actions. Thus, Desire of heaven or Fear of hell is not at all expected from a Hindu. There are millions of hellish planets arranged in seven layers. There are 28 types of hells.
The residents of both heaven and hell desire human birth on the earth planet because human life facilitates the achievement of transcendental knowledge and love of Godhead, whereas neither heavenly nor hellish bodies efficiently provide such opportunities.SB 11.20.12
Piety and sin are constant points of reference in the Vedic analysis of the components of a given situation—namely the material ingredients, place, age and time. Indeed, the Vedas reveal the existence of material heaven and hell, which are certainly based on piety and sin. SB 11.20.2
Christian Angle of Sight– Hell is the place of torment for the lost (unsaved). Because everyone has sinned no one deserves to live with the Holy and righteous Heavenly Father (Romans 3:10; 3:23). But God is a ‘loving Father’ and He offers salvation from death to all, and for those that reject the offer, God’s ‘justice’ will be executed and the wage of sin will be paid. God is chastiser of sinner, this knowledge of God as the perfect judge is absolutely true but not complete because God is lot more than a judge.
Physical torment – “And the smoke of their torment goes up forever and ever, and they have no rest, day or night, these worshipers of the beast and its image, and whoever receives the mark of its name.” Revelation 14:11
Mental torment – “And besides all this, between us and you a great chasm has been fixed, in order that those who would pass from here to you may not be able, and none may cross from there to us.”Luke 16:25
Spiritual torment – “They will suffer the punishment of eternal destruction, away from the presence of the Lord and from the glory of his might.” Thessalonians 1:9
Torment at Different Degrees – “The men of Nineveh will rise up at the judgment with this generation and condemn it, for they repented at the preaching of Jonah, and behold, something greater (torment) than Jonah is here.” Luke 11:32
3. Invocation of Fear and Love
Hindu Angle of Sight –No injunction or passage or verse in Hindu vedic scriptures speak about Fear of God. Despite of fear it invokes Love of God which is the highest goal of living entity.
“My dear Lord, You are the, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, and I worship Your lotus feet. Those feet destroy the embarrassing conditions of material life and freely award the greatest desire of the soul, the attainment of pure love of Godhead.” SB 11.5.33
“The conclusion of all revealed scriptures is that one should awaken his dormant love of Godhead. You are greatly fortunate to have already done so.” CC Adi 7.86
“By practicing this regulated devotional service under the direction of the spiritual master, certainly one awakens his dormant love of Godhead.” CC Adi 7.142
Christian Angle of Sight– Christianity advises to fear God for God is chastiser of non believers. Those who don’t believe will perish in hell. Those who don’t believe will face God’s anger. By provoking fear in weak minds by such statements Abrahmic religions have tried to expand the number of followers but unfortunately, remained unsuccessful in improvement of quality of the religion for religion is to love God and receive God’s love.
How blessed is the man who fears always, But he who hardens his heart will fall into calamity. Proverbs 28:14
Praise the LORD! How blessed is the man who fears the LORD, Who greatly delights in His commandments. Psalm 112:1
The fear of the LORD prolongs life, But the years of the wicked will be shortened. Proverbs 10:27
4. The day of Judgment
Hindu Angle of Sight – In Hinduism, there is Day of Judgment but not same as christianity. If the soul has to take rebirth again in this material world, the Jivatma in the body of Preta attains the Judgment. If one liberates from this material world and travels to ‘Goloka’ or subordinate ‘Vaikuntha’ planets he doesn’t remain present for the jundgment. He travels to the transcendental abode in the illuminating spaceships with angels. If one is atheist but does good actions, he goes to heaven.
“If a person reads little of Bhagavad Gita, takes a little drop of Ganges water and performs worship to Murari (Sri Krishna) atleast once in his lifetime, them he does not have to face and interview (the judgment) with the demigod icharge of Death” Bhaja Govindam 20
Christian Angle of Sight– Throughout the Bible it is accepted that people are accountable to God. Good deeds are commended and evil deeds are blamed. The day of judgment is the culmination of the whole process. At the end of this world order God will judge all people and all deeds. The hour is coming, in all in the tombs shall hear His voice and shall come for a resurrection of life, those who committed the evil to a ressurrection of judgement.
“An hour is coming, in which all who are in the tombs shall hear His voice, and shall come forth; those who did the good to a resurrection of life, those who committed the evil to a resurrection of judgment.” John 5:28-29
“So it will be at the end of the age; the angels will come forth and take out the wicked from among the righteous.” Matthew 13:49
“And inasmuch as it is appointed for men to die once and after this comes judgment.” Hebrews 9:27
5. Description of Form of God
Hindu Angle of Sight – In Hinduism, The form of God is described with intricate details from head to toe. His hair, eyes, lips, ears, nose, hands legs, His clothing, His ornaments, complexion, auspicious signs on his body are described with accuracy.
“I worship Govinda (Krisna), the primeval Lord, who is adept at playing on His flute, who has blooming eyes like lotus petals, whose head is bedecked with a peacock feather, whose figure of beauty is tinged with the hue of blue clouds, and whose unique loveliness charms millions of cupids” Bs. 5.30
“I worship Govinda (Krishna), the primeval Lord, whose transcendental form is full of bliss, truth, and substantiality, and who is thus full of the most dazzling splendor. Each limb of that transcendental figure possesses in itself the full-fledged functions of all the other organs, and He eternally sees, maintains, and manifests the infinite universes, both spiritual and mundane” Bs. 5.32
Christian Angle of Sight– When we study Christianity, we can conclude that God has a form but not a a single verse describes the form of God. Thus to think and relate with God many Christians use their own imagination to develop love for Him. But what can such speculated knowledge give us other than anxieties ?
Following verses tell us that God has a form, but how that form looks, who knows ?
God speaking (Genesis 1:3 and many more verses) God has vocal cords.
God seeing (Genesis 1:4). God have eyes.
God walking (Genesis 3:8). God have legs.
God making clothes for Adam and Eve (Genesis 3:21). God have hands.
God smelling a sweet savour from Noah’s sacrifice (Genesis 8:21). God have a nose.
In Genesis 18:4, Abraham says, “Please let a little water be brought, and wash your feet.” God has feet.
Then he says in Genesis 18:5, “And I will bring a morsel of bread.” We find that God took the bread.
6. Understanding of soul
Hindu Angle of Sight – Many chapters, texts, verses speak about soul, its nature and reason of existence.
Soul is immortal – For the soul there is never birth nor death. Nor, having once been, does he ever cease to be. He is unborn, eternal, ever-existing, undying and primeval. He is not slain when the body is slain.
Soul is part of God – The eternal relation of an individual soul with the Supreme Soul Personality of Godhead is constitutionally one of being the eternal servitor of the eternal master. Souls are part of God which are eternally separated and cannot become one again.
Soul is within all living beings – Only the material body of the indestructible, immeasurable and eternal living entity is subject to destruction
Transmigration of soul – As the embodied soul continually passes, in this body, from boyhood to youth to old age, the soul similarly passes into another body at death.
Christian Angle of Sight- Not much about soul, thus many questions remain unanswered.
Destruction of Soul- Matthew 10:2 -but rather fear him which is able to destroy both soul and body in hell.
Soul has no divinity– Soul is the word often mentioned for a person, life and mind. Soul has no divinity as it is not part of God nor is there any verse which says about the creation and position of soul.
Soul is within only humans –Christianity states that soul is within only humans thus the plants and animals are not ‘real beings’ (?). Thus, they can be eaten by humans and killed for the ‘pleasure of God’.
No transmigration of soul – A further study of God’s Word will show you that nowhere in the entire Bible are the terms “immortal” or “everlasting” linked with the word “soul.” Instead, the Scriptures state that a soul is mortal, meaning that it dies. (Ezekiel 18:4, 20) Therefore, the Bible calls someone who has died simply a “dead soul.”—Leviticus 21:11
7. The Original sin
Foundational Principle– God warned Adam and Eve not to have the fruit of the tree of Knowledge (??). But They ate the fruit as the devil in the form of Satan encouraged them to have the fruit and were cursed by God to have all the future generations to born with the sin which they committed.
Hindu Angle of Sight – Disbelieve in the concept of Original Sin.
Idea of Sin– Sin is done by us, not by any other behalf of us. Sin cannot be transferred from one person to another.
Personality of God– Christianity says, God cursed the offsprings and all future generations of Adam and Eve because of their sins. Hinduism never saw God as angry jealous person but merciful, loving Father.
Reason of Suffering– We suffer because of our sin. Each action has equal and opposite reaction. This is the ‘Law of Karma.’
Christian Angle of Sight- Believe in Original Sin.
Idea of Sin– As we are ultimately children of Adam and Eve, we are sinners as per the curse of God. Thus, sin can be transferred from one to another.
Personality of God– God is jealous and angry. If you will not worship Him or if you will not follow His words He will destroy you with His mystic powers.
Reason of Suffering– We suffer because of the curse of God and the ‘sin’ done by Adam and Eve.
8. Age of this planet and Universe
Hinduism– This planet and universe is 155.521972944 trillion years old. The millions of universes appear from the pores of body of Mahavishnu in one exhalation and all get destroyed in one inhalation. Each universe contain 14 planetary systems arranged one above another which have millions of planets.
Christianity– This planet is around 6000 years old, absolutely no idea on the age of the universe.
1. Age of Religions
Hinduism– According to archeologists Hinduism is around 5000 years ago and according to the scriptures, It was never born, it was existing before the creation thus it is called ‘Sanatana’ which means ‘eternal’.
Christianity– During its early history, Christianity grew from a 1st-century Jewish following to a religion that existed across the entire Greco-Roman world and beyond. Early Christianity may be divided into 2 distinct phases: the apostolic period, when the first apostles were alive and led the Church, and the post-apostolic period
2. Involvement in violence
Hinduism– No involvement in any war or violence.
Christianity –Among common examples of violence in Christianity, J. Denny Weaver lists “(the) crusades, the multiple blessings of wars, warrior popes, support for capital punishment, corporal punishment under the guise of ‘spare the rod and spoil the child,’ justifications of slavery, world-wide colonialism in the name of conversion to Christianity, the systemic violence of women subjected to men”.
Thirty Years’ War (Protestants vs Catholics)
French Wars of Religion (Protestants vs Catholics)
Second Sudanese Civil War (Muslim vs Christians)
Crusades(Muslim vs Christians)
Lebanese Civil War (Muslims, Jews and Christians)
3. Opposition to modern science
Hinduism– Hinduism never opposed science, this ancient religion is science in itself. The Vedas mention electricity (Rig), airplanes (Rig), machines controlled by verbal chants (Rig), the speed of light (Rig), medicine and surgery (Charak Samhita), process of digestion (Sushrut samhita), conept of atom(Vaisheshika Darshana), Development of embryo (Bhagvatam), theorem of Right angle triangle by Aryabhata and many more scientific theories.
Christianity– Historically, the Church has often been a enemy of sciences.
Galileo, himself a Catholic, was tried for heresy in 1633 by the Roman Inquisition, which forced him to recant his views and live out his days under house arrest.
Two of groups are Christian Science and the Jehovah’s Witnesses which oppose medical care, medical attention and many medical procedures as they believe firmly in healing (!).
4. involvement in conversion
Hinduism– Followers of Hinduism never went to any nation, place to convert people. Hinduism gives more attention to Quality than Quantity.
Christianity– Christianity gives more attention to conversion that is increase in the number of followers by using bible as a tool and violence as methodology. According to theologian Charles Curran, conversion is the central moral message of Jesus. (!) Following methods are used for conversion,
Speaking of a sure salvation.
Jesus the only way.
God is jealous, Christians are the only people of God
Threatening in the name of Christianity
Supply of money in return
Fulfillment of needs to convert
Show of false dreams and visions
Use of political, social, religious influence
1. marrage rituals
Hinduism– The Hindu marriage is held in a big marquee, either in the bride’s home yard or in a rented wedding hall. Different rituals are held pre marriage, on the main day and post marriage. Customs like Ganesh puja, Haldi, Sagan, Sangeet and Sagaai are held before the wedding day.
Christianity– A Christian Wedding celebration in India is simple yet charming. The wedding ceremony is conducted in the church. On the day of the wedding, the best man greets the bride with a bouquet. The best man is someone very close to the bridegroom. She is than accompanied by her father to the altar. In the presence of two witnesses from both sides the bride and the groom declare themselves to be husband and wife. The groom declares his wedding vows. The couple exchanges their rings and the priest blesses the newly wedded couple and declares them husband and wife.
2. Death rituals
Hinduism– For a Hindu funeral, cremation takes place within 24 hours after death. The deceased’s body stays at home until this time. During the time that the body is at home, a funeral service takes place. Unlike Christian funerals, loved ones at Hindu funerals should not dress in black, which is inappropriate; rather, dressing in white is preferable.
Christianity– After one’s passing, the body is washed and embalmed for burial, or prepared for cremation. The funeral takes place about a week after the death. At funeral ceremonies and Masses it is appropriate to be dressed in black out of respect for the dead. Despite the diverse range of denominations, most Protestant funerals tend to be similar.
Hinduism– Hindus represent their belief by the sacred syllable Aum, Swastik, Tulsee plant or yantras.
Christianity– The shape of the cross, as represented by the letter T, came to be used as a “seal” or symbol of Early Christianity by the 2nd century. The use since the earliest Christianity of the first and the last letters of the Greek alphabet, alpha (α or Α) and omega (ω or Ω)
Questions which Christianity cannot answer, But Hinduism Can !
When is The Day of Judgement ?
No verse in any scripture of Christianity answers this question. For 2000 years, they have been saying the end of the World is any day soon. Whereas Hinduism says, The day of Judgment is after the death of the living entity.
What is total Number of Species ?
Christianity have absolutely no idea about it. Hinduism says, Of the 84 lakhs species : 9,00,000 species are aquatics; 20,00,000 species are plants and trees; 11,00,000 species are insects; 10,00,000 species are birds; 30,00,000 species are beasts, and 4,00,000 ‘species’ are human beings.
Why some suffer more and some less ?
Why some are born in poor family and some in rich, why some have more intelligence and some less, why some are successful and others not ? Are these things just coincadences or injustice of God ? Christianity cannot answer these questions. Hinduism can solve all these question by a single law, ‘Karma’.
Do aliens exist ?
The Bible gives us no reason to believe that there is life elsewhere in the universe. The “discovery” of alien life would throw some effect on genuine Christianity. The Bible says the earth and mankind are unique in God’s creation, but no mention of life on other planets. Whereas Hinduism presents complete picture of material existence and indicate towards the possibility of alien life. The aliens or beings on other planets are mentioned as -Yakshas, Sidhas, Gandharvas, Vidyadharas, Kinnaras, Devas.
Why is there variety of living beings?
Christianity have Absolutely no idea. The animals see other animals as food, they also see animals as food. Due to the variety of mentalities/desires/consciousness and actions taken (karma) by humans, there is variety of bodies so the ‘free will’ can be satisfied. Humans, who eat flesh, will have their desire satisfied by getting the body of a flesh-eating animal like a lion, at the end of this life.
‘Only in Hinduism’
Avatara–Avatar, “one who descends,” refers to one of the Supreme Person’s many incarnations or expansions who periodically visit the material world. In this material world Krishna incarnated 24 times. Avatars either fully or partially possess God’s omnipotence, and they act in extraordinary ways to attract the interest of the residents of this world.
Chakras– These swirling wheels of energy correspond to massive nerve centers in the body. Each of the seven main chakras contains bundles of nerves and major organs as well as our psychological, emotional, and spiritual states of being.
Meditation– Christianity doesn’t believe in meditation as it refuses the presence of God within us. Meditation is feeling the presence of God within our heart and accepting the mode of a servant.
Mandalas– The word mandalais a Sanskrit term that means “circle” or “discoid object”. A mandala can be defined in two ways: externally as a schematic visual representation of the universe and internally as a guide for several psychophysical practices that take place in many Asian traditions, including meditation.
Cycles of yugas– The smallest cycle is called a maha yuga. A maha yuga is 4,320,000 human years. Each maha yuga is subdivided into the following four ages, whose lengths follow a ratio of 4:3:2:1. They are known as- Satya, , Treta, Dwapar, Kali.
Concept of demigods– The demigods are incharge of particular duties prescribed to them. They are 33 million in number and all stay in the heaven. They are mortals.
Concept of Vahana – Vahana denotes the being, typically an animal or mythical entity, a particular Hindu deity is said to use as a vehicle. In this capacity, the vahana is often called the deity’s “mount”.
Fire sacrifices– Yajña, sacrifice, is an act by which we surrender something for the sake of the God. Such an act must rest on a sacred authority (Vedas), and serve for man’s salvation (Moksha).
I think those who are Christian priests, they should cooperate with this movement, chant the name of Christ or Christo and stop animal killing. This is according to Bible. This is not according to my philosophy, but their Christian philosophy. Simply let them do it and see how the situation becomes nice. -Shrila Prabhupada
“In the list of incarnations you’ll find Lord Krishna’s name also, Lord Rama’s name also, Lord Buddha’s name also. Lord Buddha is mentioned. Do not think that the Hindus have disregard for Lord Buddha or for Lord Jesus Christ. No. They have all regard.”
So Lord Jesus Christ said, “My Lord, hallowed be Thy name.” He wants to glorify the name of the Lord. And some people says that there is no name of God. How? If Lord Jesus Christ says “Hallowed by Thy name,” there must be name. The name is there, but he did not pronounce it because the people at that time will not be able to understand or maybe some reason, but he says there is name. So we are making this propaganda, Krsna consciousness movement, the “Hallowed by Thy name. My Lord Krsna, the Personality of Godhead, let Your holy name be glorified.” This is our movement. It is not a sectarian.
Although we studied all the differences, we cannot find any difference in the root of all the religions which is GOD. Thus, we should try to aspire to respect and love all but follow what is best for ourselves.